CDC Warns Americans Against Travel to Canada, Even if They’re Vaccinated

Right now, Canada is in the throes of a third COVID-19 wave and is reportedly on track to outpace the U.S. in terms of its rate of new infections relative to the overall population. Worse yet, the country is seeing significant outbreaks of dangerous coronavirus strains that are more transmissible than the original virus and potentially even vaccine-resistant.

The trend is so worrisome that U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has updated Canada’s travel advisory (a Level Four—the highest possible risk category) to include a warning that even fully vaccinated Americans should not risk venturing north of the U.S. border. The change was made on the same day that the CDC released new travel guidelines for vaccinated Americans in which the agency said that those who are fully vaccinated can safely move about the country.


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“Because of the current situation in Canada, even fully vaccinated travelers may be at risk for getting and spreading COVID-19 variants and should avoid all travel to Canada,” the website now reads. “If you must travel to Canada, get fully vaccinated before travel. All travelers should wear a mask, stay 6 feet from others, avoid crowds, and wash their hands.”

For a full year now, the Great White North has kept its case counts comparatively low while the health crisis in the U.S. continued to escalate. So, what happened?

Firstly, the pandemic situation in America is finally improving, thanks to a massive nationwide vaccination campaign and the government’s having secured an ample supply of the COVID-19 vaccine, while our northern neighbor’s vaccination efforts have trailed behind those of many other nations.

The U.S. has thus far managed to get roughly 19 percent of its population fully vaccinated, while Canada can say the same of only about two percent of its population. The National Post reported that, as of April 6, roughly one-third of Americans had received at least the first shot of a COVID-19 vaccine, while only 16 percent of Canadians had gotten at least one dose.

Young woman getting vaccinated against COVID-19.
Young woman getting vaccinated against COVID-19. (photo via iStock/Getty Images E+/Geber86)

Johns Hopkins University’s dataset this week revealed that the U.S. was seeing about 196 new COVID-19 cases per one million people per day, while in Canada about 180 new cases per million people were being added daily (based on a seven-day rolling average). Noel Gibney, a professor emeritus in the faculty of medicine at the University of Alberta, said that it’s almost certain that Canada will surpass the U.S. in terms of community spread in the next few days.

The infiltration of more contagious, and possibly even more deadly, viral variants is being blamed for causing Canada’s third COVID-19 wave. According to a Vice report, Canada is one of the world’s only countries to be battling significant outbreaks of three different variants at the same time.

In Alberta, experts believe that the B.1.1.7 U.K. variant has almost entirely replaced the original COVID-19 strain. The P1 variant that emerged in Brazil—which has reinfected people who have previously contracted and recovered from COVID-19 and may be vaccine-resistant—is also spreading in Canada, as is the B1351 variant that first came from South Africa.

Just as Americans are being warned to stay away, Canada’s health officials are also beseeching Canadians to avoid nonessential travel within the country; although experts are saying that tighter travel restrictions may not be enough at this point to contain the spread of the highly transmissible variants.

Ashleigh Tuite, an infectious disease epidemiologist and assistant professor at the University of Toronto’s Dalla Lana School of Public Health, remarked on the variants’ prevalence within Ontario, “It’s incredibly widespread, so I think there’s merit in restricting movement between areas…But as a way to control the spread of variants? That ship has likely already sailed.”

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COVID pandemic still crippling air travel, IATA warns | News | DW

On Wednesday the new head of the global airline industry body, the International Air Traffic Association (IATA), Willie Walsh, said international traffic “was down almost 89%” in February 2021 from February 2019 — the most recent year without major disruptions caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

Walsh said there were no immediate indications of a potential recovery in the first two months of 2021, with restrictions being reimposed in parts of the world as a third wave gathers pace. “In fact, most indicators went in the wrong direction as travel restrictions tightened in the face of continuing concerns over new coronavirus variants,” he said.

19 in 20 Asian flights off, 9 in 10 in Europe

The Asian continent suffered the most drastic drop in air traffic. International air traffic fell 95.2% in February 2021 compared with February 2019. That was a slight decrease from the 94.8% drop in passenger traffic from January 2019 to January 2021.

European carriers recorded an 89% decline in traffic in February 2021 compared with February 2019 — far worse than the 83.4% decline in January 2021 compared with 2019. North American, Latin American and African airlines experienced similar drops in air traffic in the same time frame.

Walsh, in his first news conference since taking control of the IATA earlier this month, said the developments in rapid tests for COVID-19 “should reassure governments that there are ways to efficiently manage the risks of COVID-19 without relying on demand-killing quarantine measures and/or expensive and time-consuming PCR testing.”

He also pushed for the “development of global standards for digital COVID-19 test and/or vaccination certificates” and “to accept certificates digitally” in order for air travel to recover.

Australian and Russian domestic exceptions

The Australian domestic market bucked the trend. The country saw a 60.5% drop in air traffic in February 2021 when compared to the same month two years prior, but that marked a dramatic improvement compared to the 77.3% decline in traffic between January 2019 and January 2021.

The IATA said the reduced impact from the pandemic came after some state border restrictions were lessened in February, which allowed for more domestic travel.

“This tells us that people have not lost their desire [to] travel. They will fly, provided they can do so without facing quarantine measures,” said Walsh.

Another major exception was the Russian domestic airspace, which saw a 2.9% increase in air traffic in February 2021 as compared to the same month in 2019.

Overall around the world, domestic air travel fell by just over 51% in February 2021 when compared to February 2019.

Airlines hurting

The EU on Tuesday approved a €4 billion ($4.7 billion) recapitalization for struggling French flag carrier Air France-KLM. The French government’s share in the airline will increase to 30% as a result. In return for the aid, the airline also promised to make slots available for competitors as the Paris Orly airport. 

“The public support will come with strings attached,” said European Commission Vice President Margrethe Vestager.

Air France-KLM posted a record annual loss of €7.1 billion in 2020, while German flag carrier Lufthansa lost a record €6.7 billion. 

Lufthansa warned shareholders this week that recapitalization would be necessary to pay back part of the loan it received from the German government by using a new loan taken out on the capital market. Germany took an almost 17% share in the company as a result of the rescue.


kbd/msh (AP, Reuters)

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COVID-19: Kenya warns of coronavirus ‘vaccine apartheid’ after UK travel ban | World News

Kenya has hit out at the UK government for adding the country to England’s coronavirus travel “red list”.

In a strongly-worded statement posted to Twitter, Kenya‘s ministry of foreign affairs used the move to warn of a “vaccine apartheid” between nations who produce and are “hoarding” jabs, and the rest of the world.

It comes after the UK announced the new travel measures taking effect from 4am on Friday 9 April, along with restrictions for Pakistan, Bangladesh and the Philippines.

Composite of the press statement from the Kenyan Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The statement warned of countries like the UK ‘hoarding’ coronavirus vaccines

The Kenyan ministry’s statement said that such strategies by “vaccine producing countries” with “vaccine hoarding attitudes” would make it “near impossible for the world to win the war against the pandemic”.

When it announced the additions to the red list this week, the Department for Transport said it was in response to concerns about new variants of COVID-19.

But Kenya said the policy was “discriminatory”, and accused the UK of hoarding vaccines “in bigger quantities than it currently has use for”.

The UK has ordered more than 400 million coronavirus vaccine doses, for a population of around 67 million people, however has warned of potential supply problems to come in April.

The UK is a contributor to the worldwide COVAX scheme, aimed at delivering jabs to lower-income countries, but Business Secretary Kwasi Kwarteng said earlier this week that the UK had “no surpluses” at the moment.

Kenya, which has a population of 53 million, has received more than a million Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccines through COVAX already.

The Kenyan statement said there had been no communication from UK counterparts ahead of the change of rules for travellers made on Friday.

Being on the “red list” means international visitors who have departed from or transited through those nations in the previous 10 days will be barred from entering.

British and Irish citizens and those with residence rights in the UK will be allowed to enter, but will have to arrive at a designated port and then pay to stay in a government-approved quarantine hotel for 10 days.

Once in quarantine, they will have to take a COVID test on the second and eighth days of their self-isolation.

In response, Kenya has instituted its own restrictions on travel from the UK.

These include anyone arriving from the UK having to quarantine in a “government designated facility” for 14 days, at their own expense.

Two PCR tests will have to be taken during this period, also at the traveller’s expense.

The exception to these rules include Kenyan citizens who live in the UK, and also cargo flights.

In response to the measures announced by Kenya, the UK’s high commission in the country announced they would be updating their travel advice for the country.

In another part of the statement from the Kenyan government, it said: “The decision is particularly disturbing in light of the fact that the United Kingdom and Kenya enjoy a strong and long-lasting relationship….”

Hundreds of British troops train in the country every year, and last month, Defence Secretary Ben Wallace opened a £70m military training facility for the British Army Training Unit Kenya (BATUK).

Mr Wallace said at the time: “Kenya is one of our leading defence partners in East Africa and this new facility will cement our partnership for decades to come, supporting stability and security in the region.”

Kenya recently introduced new lockdown restrictions in five counties due to a third wave of coronavirus.

The statement said: “The third wave that Kenya is currently managing with stringent COVID-19 protocols and restrictions is an example of the sacrifice that Kenyans are willing to make to ensure that this disease does not spread in Kenya or anywhere else in the world for that matter.”

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Dr. Fauci Warns “Don’t” Do This Before or After COVID Vaccine

“Impending doom” are the words the CDC director used this week, as the coronavirus pandemic continues. Dr. Rochelle Walensky, Director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, meant that cases are plateauing, and rising in some states, so now is not the time to be complacent. Dr. Anthony Fauci, the chief medical advisor to the President and the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, was asked today on CBS This Morning what he thought of those words. Read on to hear his own warning—and to ensure your health and the health of others, don’t miss these Signs Your Illness is Actually Coronavirus in Disguise.

“Please Be Careful,” Warns Dr. Fauci. “Don’t Declare Victory Prematurely.”

“Baseball’s opening day, which happens to be today. Spring break is also going on at the moment. A lot of people are going to be gathering Sunday for Easter. You put that all together, Dr. Fauci—I’m curious, we heard the CDC director talk of impending doom as people loosen up and gather, do you share her concerns?” asked the CBS hosts.

“Well, you know, I don’t know if I would use the word ‘impending doom,’” said Dr. Fauci. “If you talk to Dr. Walensky, which we do every single day, the point she’s making is a very valid point. We’re seeing the cases that have plateaued over the last couple of weeks, and now they’re starting to inch up. So the point that she was making was very valid. Please be careful. Don’t declare victory prematurely. Let’s continue to abide by the public health measures that we all talk about because we have so much in our favor—what we have is we have 3 million people that are getting vaccinated every single day. We have over 50 million people who have been completely and fully vaccinated, others that have at least one dose of vaccine. So every day that goes by, we get more and more protected. So what I say, and what Dr. Wallensky is saying is, just hold on for a bit longer, because every day is more and more in our favor and don’t pull back prematurely. We are going to be able to pull back. We didn’t want people to believe that we’re going to be in this situation forever. We’re not, but don’t pull back prematurely.”

RELATED: Most COVID Patients Did This Before Getting Sick

How to Stay Safe During This Pandemic

So follow Fauci’s fundamentals and help end this pandemic, no matter where you live—wear a face mask that fits snugly and is double layered, don’t travel, social distance, avoid large crowds, don’t go indoors with people you’re not sheltering with (especially in bars), practice good hand hygiene, get vaccinated when it becomes available to you, and to protect your life and the lives of others, don’t visit any of these 35 Places You’re Most Likely to Catch COVID.

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Embassy warns Americans to avoid spring break travel to Mexico because of COVID-19

Americans should reconsider their spring break plans and nonessential travel in Mexico because of the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. Embassy there says.

Through a health and safety advisory the embassy issued Thursday, the U.S. government warned coronavirus cases and hospitalization numbers have remained high in most of Mexico.

As of March 7, the virus had killed 211,022 people in the country, with 2,734 new cases reported that day.

Mexico has recorded 2,128,600 confirmed cases since the beginning of the pandemic. However, access to COVID-19 testing is limited throughout Mexico, making experts believe the real number of cases could be three times higher than the official count.

From DFW International Airport there are at least two dozen fixed and seasonal flights to Mexican destinations every day, and Dallas-based Southwest Airlines connects to four tourist destinations in Mexico.

Mexican authorities have a color-coded —red, orange, yellow, green— system to identify the level of cases and opening of the country’s economy. Currently, popular seaside destinations, such as Cancún, Playa del Carmen and Puerto Vallarta, are marked yellow, meaning that hotels can operate at 60% capacity.

The U.S. embassy in Mexico also warned that consulate services for U.S. citizens are limited in many locations because of the pandemic.’

Return travel to the U.S. also has some limitations.

The border is partially closed until at least March 21. If returning through land ports of entry, only U.S. citizens and legal residents are allowed to cross the border.

People returning to the U.S. by plane must show a negative COVID-19 test performed no more than three days before their scheduled flights.

If travelers have had COVID-19 recently — as far back as three months — they can submit medical documentation showing they have been released. Additionally, travelers must submit an affidavit stating they are not coronavirus carriers.

All this documentation must be submitted to airline staff at check-in.

People with tourist visas can still travel to the United States from Mexico by plane.

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Government giving false hope for summer holidays, warns MP

Train passengers in England and Wales have been hit by above-inflation fare rises, despite the collapse in demand.

Ticket prices have increased by around 2.6%, rising above inflation for the first time in seven years. 

Union leaders have accused train operators of “profiteering” despite a huge reduction in the number of travellers because of the pandemic.  

Increases had been based on the Retail Price Index since January 2014, but this policy has been axed because of the “unprecedented taxpayer support” given to the rail industry during Covid-19.

The cost of an annual season ticket from Brighton to London will rise £129 to £5,109 – while a yearly pass from Liverpool to Manchester will now cost an additional £70, hitting £2,762.

The Scottish government is introducing smaller rises – with an increase of 1.6 per cent for peak travel, and 0.6 per cent for off-peak journeys.  

Max Stephens has the full story.

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CDC head warns of concerning US shift in Covid cases: ‘Now is not the time to relax restrictions’ – live | US news

Guardian bureau chief David Smith sends another virtual dispatch from CPAC, where Republican senator Ted Cruz just left the stage.

Cruz has joked about his disastrous decision last week to fly to Cancun, Mexico, for a family holiday as people struggled for food and warmth following a snowstorm in his home state of Texas.

Orlando is awesome,” Cruz told CPAC in Orlando, Florida. “It’s not as nice as Cancun, but it’s nice.”

The senator went on to rail against “cancel culture”, coronavirus restrictions in restaurants and the “shrill” and “angry” left in speech that earned laugher and applause. He paid tribute to late rightwing radio host Rush Limbaugh and mixed in references to Saturday Night Live, Star Wars, Star Trek and the Mel Gibson film Braveheart.

“We’re gathered at a time where the hard left, where the socialists control the levers of government, where they control the White House, where they control every executive branch, where they control both houses of Congress,” Cruz said.

“Bernie [Sanders] is wearing mittens and AOC [Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez] is telling us she was ‘murdered’.” Cruz put a shrill emphasis on the word “murdered” to mock the Democratic congresswoman who has told how she feared for her life during the insurrection at the US Capitol on 6 January.

He went on: “And the media desperately, desperately, desperately wants to see a Republican civil war. Liberty is under assault and what are we going to do? I’ll tell you, we will fight.”

Cruz was among the most prominent Senate Republicans who voted to challenge the result of the 2020 election. He issued a warning to members of his own party who want to “erase the last four years” and banish Trump’s “Make America great again” movement.

“They look at Donald Trump and they look at the millions and millions of people inspired who went to the battle fighting alongside President Trump, and they’re terrified and they want him to go away. Let me tell you this right now: Donald J Trump ain’t going anywhere.”

That promise got the biggest applause of his speech. Cruz went on: “The Republican Party is not the party just of the country club. The Republican Party is the party of steel workers and construction workers and pipeline workers and taxi cab drivers and cops and firefighters and waiters and waitresses and the men and women with calluses on their hands who are working for this country

“That is our party. And these ‘deplorables’ are here to say.”

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With Vaccine Delay, Biden Warns of Uncertain End to Pandemic

WASHINGTON — President Biden, on a visit to Pfizer’s coronavirus vaccine plant in Kalamazoo, Mich., said on Friday that the nation could be “approaching normalcy” by the end of the year, but cautioned that new virus variants and potential vaccine production problems could slow progress.

“God willing, this Christmas will be different than last, but I can’t make that commitment to you,” Mr. Biden said. “I can’t give you a date when this crisis will end, but I can tell you we are doing everything possible to have that day come sooner rather than later.”

His appeal for patience came hours after the White House issued a plea to local officials to quickly work through six million vaccine doses that have stacked up during winter storms, which delayed appointments and forced vaccine sites to temporarily shutter throughout the nation.

Andy Slavitt, a White House pandemic adviser, said at a news conference Friday morning that those doses represented about three days’ worth of shipping delays, and that states had made up for some of the backlog with existing stock. Of the six million doses, 1.4 million were already in transit on Friday, he said, and the rest were expected to be delivered in the next week.

“We’re asking vaccine administration sites to extend their hours even further and offer additional appointments and to try to reschedule the vaccinations over the coming days and weeks as significantly more supply arrives,” Mr. Slavitt said.

The delay was a sign of how interconnected the nation’s vaccine distribution network is, vulnerable to substantial interruptions because of extreme weather. Mr. Slavitt said that FedEx, U.P.S. and McKesson — the drug distribution giant that manages Moderna’s vaccine — had been impeded, with workers snowed in and unable to package and ship vaccines, including the supplies that go with them.

FedEx and U.P.S., which have vaccine shipping hubs in Memphis and Louisville, Ky., would make Saturday deliveries this week, he said.

Closed roads on delivery routes were also forming a bottleneck, and more than 2,000 vaccination sites in areas with power failures could not receive doses. That prompted federal officials to hold off shipping to areas that might not be able to keep them at the frigid temperatures required.

Shipment delays have been reported in California, Colorado, Florida, Illinois, Nevada, New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, Utah and Washington, among other states. In Texas, where millions of residents lost power during the powerful storm this week, a delivery of more than 400,000 first doses and 330,000 second doses had been delayed in anticipation of the bad weather.

In New York City, Mayor Bill de Blasio said during an interview on WNYC that expected shipments of more than 100,000 doses had not fully arrived from factories; he did not say when they would come.

“Everything’s been disrupted by the storm,” Mr. de Blasio said.

The city had to hold off on scheduling as many as 35,000 appointments for first vaccine doses because of shipment delays and vaccine shortages, he also said this week. The opening of two new distribution sites on Thursday had also been postponed, with one on Staten Island pushed to Friday and another in Queens still delayed.

Mr. Biden’s visit to Kalamazoo, where Pfizer produces one of two federally authorized coronavirus vaccines, piggybacked on hopeful developments that could potentially expand access to the company’s vaccine at a time when nations around the world are trying to ramp up vaccinations.

A study in Israel showed that the vaccine was robustly effective after the first shot, echoing what other research has shown for the AstraZeneca vaccine. It also raised the possibility that regulators in some countries could authorize delaying a second dose instead of giving both on the strict schedule of three weeks apart as tested in clinical trials.

Published in The Lancet on Thursday and drawing from a group of 9,100 Israeli health care workers, the study showed that Pfizer’s vaccine was 85 percent effective 15 to 28 days after receiving the first dose. Pfizer and BioNTech’s late-stage clinical trials, which enrolled 44,000 people, showed that the vaccine was 95 percent effective if two doses were given three weeks apart.

But Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the government’s leading expert on infectious diseases and an adviser to Mr. Biden, said at the White House news conference that the results of the study were not significant enough to change recommendations in the United States, where regulators have held fast to the requirement that people receive two doses of the vaccine three weeks apart.

Pfizer’s chief executive, Dr. Albert Bourla, told CNN on Friday that he did not believe a single-dose regimen of his company’s vaccine would work but said the idea was being studied.

Pfizer and BioNTech also announced on Friday that their vaccine could be stored at standard freezer temperatures for up to two weeks, potentially expanding the number of smaller pharmacies and doctors’ offices that could administer the vaccine, which now must be stored at ultracold temperatures.

In a statement, the companies said they had submitted the new temperature data to the Food and Drug Administration, which would need to sign off on guidance to providers that would allow them to store the vaccines at the new temperatures.

Distribution of the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine has been complicated by the requirement that it be stored in freezers that keep the vaccines between minus 112 and minus 76 degrees Fahrenheit.

Mr. Biden’s visit to Michigan came in the shadow of increasing pressure to clarify his administration’s message about when his vaccination campaign would be broad enough to reach every American. More than 40 million people have received a first dose of a vaccine, including about 16 million who have received two, according to recent figures released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

On Friday, he appealed to Americans to be patient as they waited for the vaccine, telling them to take one if it is offered to them and repeatedly vouching that it would help rather than harm them.

“I know people want confidence that it’s safe,” he said. “Well, I just toured where it’s being made. It takes more time to do the check for safety than it does actually to make the vaccine. That’s how fastidious they are.”

Governors in both parties have been pressing the Biden administration for clearer and more consistent messaging about the timeline for the vaccination campaign. Last week, Mr. Biden struck a careful note, saying he did not expect that every American would be vaccinated by the end of the summer.

This week, he said there would be enough vaccine available by the end of July to do so.

Also on Friday, Mr. Biden joined fellow leaders of the Group of 7 nations virtually and promised to donate $4 billion to an international coronavirus vaccine effort — $2 billion now, he said, “with the promise of an additional $2 billion to urge others to step up as well.”

“It’s not enough that we find cures for Americans,” the president said in Kalamazoo, adding, “You can’t build a wall or a fence high enough to keep a pandemic out.”

At home, the situation is more fraught. This week, the National Governors Association sent a letter to Mr. Biden, praising the administration’s coronavirus response coordinator, Jeffrey D. Zients, for “doing great work,” but also asking for better coordination between the federal government and the states. Mr. Zients accompanied Mr. Biden to Michigan.

Mr. Biden has repeatedly promised to get 100 million shots into Americans’ arms by his 100th day in office. His pledge appeared ambitious when he first made it before Election Day, but has more recently been criticized as not ambitious enough.

The country is now vaccinating an average of 1.7 million people a day, and Mr. Biden said the country was “on track to surpass” the 100 million goal, even as the delayed doses threaten to lower the daily average.

Dr. Bourla said that over the next few weeks, Pfizer expected to increase the number of doses for the United States to more than 10 million per week from five million, and that it would provide the government a total of 200 million doses by the end of May, two months ahead of schedule.

The White House also announced on Friday the opening of four new federally supported community vaccination sites in Florida — in Orlando, Miami, Tampa and Jacksonville — that together would be able to vaccinate 12,000 people each day. Another new site in Philadelphia would have the capacity to vaccinate 6,000 people a day. All sites would be functioning within two weeks, said Mr. Slavitt, the White House adviser.

Noah Weiland and Sheryl Gay Stolberg reported from Washington, and Katie Thomas from Chicago. Troy Closson and Remy Tumin contributed reporting from New York.

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Vaccine passports: WHO expert warns ‘discrimination’ is ‘reality’ for unvaccinated | Travel News | Travel

Many people around the world are dreaming of jetting off on holiday, or travelling overseas to visit friends and family. Though the global vaccine effort is speeding ahead, there has still been little insight into when and if international travel will return.

“Those of us not in a position to be vaccinated will perhaps not be able to travel as widely as those who have for a bit.”

Despite this, he remains positive the vaccine will become more accessible as the months run on.

“I want to stress the current situation of extreme shortages of the vaccine will, I believe, remedy itself in the coming months as more vaccines come on stream, as more manufacturing sites are opened up to make the vaccine,” he said.

Though Mr Navarro did not specifically outline what the coronavirus vaccination evidence “system” might look like, he did compare it to the current proof of yellow fever vaccine some countries require travellers to show.

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“I noticed if the report just now you compared it with what we already have to do for yellow fever,” he told Good Morning Britain.

“I shan’t be surprised if some system for Covid will emerge.

“But it will require a bit of hard work. Firstly, Governments will have to agree on the kind of system they are going to use.

“Secondly, we also have to bear in mind similar certification should be there for people who have had the disease and can show they have antibodies against the virus.

“A bit of working out to be one but I think it will be important particularly for travel. “

“Internationally, if other countries will require a vaccine certificate then I think it is right we facilitate it,” he explained.

“People already have to, when they travel to certain countries, have a yellow fever certificate for a vaccination for yellow fever.

“I think it is right we do that. That is what we are working on.

“If there is a requirement any viewer can ask for a vaccine certificate in the way we do pre-departure test certificates now.

“And, of course, we require them for people that come into our country.”

He continued: “At the moment, you have your health data which is held by the National Immunisation and Vaccination system when your GP has access to.

“And of course if you are on the NHS app you can look at your own records.

“We want to make that certificate accessible to people if they need it for international travel if those countries require it.”

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